On the 4th of July the physicists of the CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research) in Geneva discovered a new subatomic particle that could be the Higgs Boson. This is the last necessary condition to complete the Standard Model. It tries to describe all the matter and all the existent forces in the cosmos.
The theory of Higgs Boson could explain in the future why the universe is made of matter and not antimatter. Thanks to this particle, we can see in the universe simple and proportioned laws. There is a lot of explanations about this particle but the Standard Model thinks that the Higgs Boson is the only manifestation of a field of invisible forces that provide the elementary particles with mass. Without this subatomic particle, the elementary forms of matter would move to the speed of light. In addition, there wouldn’t be atoms and life.
The name of this particle come from the physicist of the University of Edinburg, Peter Higgs. He was who said that the cosmic molasses could have its own quantum particle. In 1967 another physicist made the Higgs Boson an important part of an effort to unify two of the four forces of nature, electromagnetism and the nuclear force.
The search for the Higgs Boson began 40 years ago. During this years the most important scientific organisations have been experimenting with this theory but they have never been so close to it as they are now. Although this theory isn’t totally confirmed yet, the CERN claims that this year they will have enough data to confirm that this particle is the Higgs Boson or that it isn’t. If this is the case, physicists will have to search another model to explain the universe.
I think that if it was totally confirmed that the subatomic particle is the Higgs Boson, this would be a very important discovery to explain the origin of the mass of other elementary particles. In addition, a lot the questions that physicists have about the cosmos could be answered.
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