They are the open deepest and hottest submarine volcanoes in the Earth. Almost 6.500 meters of depth are found, in the pit of the Alligator, in the Caribbean, and reach temperatures of up to 400 centigrade degrees. Scientists of the University of Southampton and the Center of National Oceanography of the city unwrapped a submarine robot with which to collect samples of these ‘chimneys’ and to film images in high definition. The results were more that gripping, so much in geology as in biology.
In this article it is spoken of the incríble that is that in extreme conditions, sorts ever before live seen. From worms of gigantic tube up to one sort of blind tripple-grooved shrimps that developed an organ to detect the extreme heat that these hidrotermais fumarolasemit. They survive in narrow banks near the conducts, that reaches 10 meters of height on many occasions, and where unlike heat it is of almost 400 degrees among the water expelled by the fumaderosand the water around.
Tube worm in the Cayma Trench. | University of Southampton
In my opinion, I think that it is a great invention not as much for the sea biology as in geology. I’s amazing as a live being can live and stand such temperatures. Now, you can see a video in 3D of the first images of this place. In them James Cameron goes out that it is the one who obtained to arrive to these sea trenches.s that emit the “fumarolas”. Other animals of the abyssal depths manage to survive thanks to the falls of organic products from smaller depths, as banks of jellyfishes and skeletons of whales.
Source of information: http://www.elmundo.es/elmundo/2013/02/22/ciencia/1361534411.html
Source original: http://www.elmundo.es/